What Are the Effects of a Frame Narrative?
And which of yow that bereth hym best of alle -- That is to seyn, that telleth in this caas Tales of best sentence and moost solaas -- Shal have a soper at oure aller cost Heere in this place, sittynge by this post, GP I.
Coulton writing in nicely expresses the admiration his generation of critics felt for the framing narrative: Even more delightful than any of the tales told by Chaucer's pilgrims is the tale which he tells us about them all: Nowhere within so brief a compass can we realize either the life of the fourteenth century on one hand, or on the other the dramatic power in which Chaucer stands second only to Shakespeare among English poets.
Forget for a while the separate tales of the pilgrims - - many of which were patched up by fits and starts during such broken leisure as this man of the world could afford for indulging his poetical fancies; while many others like the Monk's and the Parson's are tedious to modern readers in strict proportion to their dramatic propriety at the moment -- forget for once all but the Prologue and the end-links, and read these through at one sitting, from the first stirrup-cup at Southwark Tabard to that final crest of Harbledown where the weary look down at last upon the sacred city of their pilgrimage.
There is no such story as this in all medieval literature; no such gallery of finished portraits, nor any drama so true both to life and to perfect art. The dramatis personae of the Decameron are mere puppets in comparison; their occasional talk seems to us insipid to the last degree of old-world fashion.
Boccaccio wrote for a society that was in many ways over-refined already; it is fortunate for us that Chaucer's public was not yet at that point of literary development at which art is too often tempted into artifice. He took the living men day by day, each in his simplest and most striking characteristics; and from these motley figures, under the artist's hand, grew a mosaic in which each stands out with all the glow of his own native colour, and all the added glory of the jewelled hues around him.
Coulton, Chaucer and his England,p. The connecting links that compose the framing narrative of the Canterbury Tales are open to the same sort of objections that Coulton raises against the tales -- patched up by bits and starts -- and they show more clearly than the individual tales the unrevised state in which Chaucer left his great work.
Nevertheless Coulton's advice is worth taking, especially today when -- perhaps because courses in Chaucer so often concentrate on a selection of Tales, or perhaps because so many critics today have completely rejected the old critical approaches to the "roadside drama" -- the framing narrative that delighted Coulton and his contemporaries is often left unread.
For a summary of the connecting links click here.
For critical and scholarly works on the "frame narrative" click here for the "General" category of Derek Pearsall's bibliography. Back to Geoffrey Chaucer Page Or use your browser's back button to return to the previous page.A frame story is a story or narrative within another story or narrative.
The outer narrative, the first narrative that readers encounter, wraps around or frames the inner narrative(s). The outer narrative, the first narrative that readers encounter, wraps around or frames the inner narrative(s). A narrative is not just an unresolved story, but a system of stories, some resolved and some not.
This is a point we have stressed in earlier posts in this blog (for example, here, here and here), and in our book Master Narratives of Islamist Extremism. Poem types - How to write a ballad A ballad is a rhyming narrative poem written in a form that can be sung to music.
Ballads most often use the rhyme scheme abcb. The "paragraph hamburger" is a writing organizer that visually outlines the key components of a paragraph. Topic sentence, detail sentences, and a closing sentence are the main elements of a good paragraph, and each one forms a different "piece" of the hamburger.
† The writing is able to control the content and develop the ideas in a way that appeals to and enlightens the reader. † The writing carefully shapes and connects the ideas to enable the writer to share his or her thoughts on the subject with the reader.
A frame narrative is a literary technique used to contain an embedded narrative, a story within a story, to provide the reader with context about the main narrative. A frame narrative, also known as a framing narrative or a frame story, might be found in the beginning, middle or end of the story.