Introduction The impact of Keynes on both economic theory and the management of economies in the post-war period is not open to dispute. Still, there can be various alternative ways of assessing whether Keynes succeeded or not in revolutionizing capitalism.
Morality, Justice, and Judicial Moralism The worst edict that can possibly be imagined An edict that permits liberty of conscience, the worst thing in the world.
We cannot be held responsible beyond our strength and means, since the resulting events are quite outside of our control and, in fact, we have power over nothing except our will; which is the basis upon which all rules concerning man's duty must of necessity be founded.
Cohen, Penguin, p. What concerns society is conduct, not opinion: Sir James Frazer, Psyche's Task  " Do you blame me, Mr. I should blame you if you expressed it, since this young lady was in a sense under your protection. It is not sufficient, for example, to depict those who believe in preserving peace through military deterrence as mistaken, factually incorrect, illogical in their analysis, or dangerous in their conclusions.
All of those things, even if true, would still leave them on the same moral plane as the anointed visionaries and would leave both subject to the same requirements of evidence and logic, as their arguments are laid before others to decide.
What is necessary, from the standpoint of self-exaltation, is to depict proponents of military detererence as not "really" being for peace, as being either bloodthirsty or acting as venal representatives of special interests who desire war for their own ends.
It would be liberals rounding up right-wingers and putting them on trial for hate crimes. The liberal Torquemadas would be smug and angry and self-righteous. And when they were done, they would proudly announce they had finally banished intolerance.
The concept of wrong and of its negation, right, which is originally moral, become juridical by shifting the starting-point from the active to the passive side, and hence by inversion. This, together with Kant's theory of law, which very falsely derives from his categorical imperative the foundation of the State as a moral duty, has even in quite recent times occasionally been the cause of that very strange error, that the State is an institution for promoting morality, that it results from the endreavour to achieve this, and that it is accordingly directed against egoism.
Payne translation,Dover Publications,p. Criminal intent -- or, in lawyer-speak, mens rea -- is a fundamental and an essential element of justice in criminal law Any new or amended criminalization must have an adequate criminal-intent requirement.
And Congress must take steps to ensure that all criminal penalties are proportionate to the harm and wrongfulness of the prohibited conduct. Walsh and Tiffany Joslyn, "Time to Arrest the Federal Criminalization Spree," The Wall Street Journal, January 29,A13, boldface added Morality can be distinguished from law or from justice according to the way in which the latter is publicly enforced and sanctioned through the power of the state, while the former is regarded as a private matter where wrongs are to the moral discredit of a person but not such as to allow legal recourse for those wronged.
Complaints are often made about the absence of such a distinction, that virtue or morality cannot be or ought not be legislated, or about its presence, that the decline of private morality calls for a public and legal remedy.
The distinction is real enough, and its presence reveals another boundary between polynomic domains of value. The difference between morality and justice comes not from the difference between actions and consequences as between morality and ideal or euergetic ethics but from the difference between motives and actions.
As Kant noted, the worth of moral action is in the intention, not in what is actually done. The imperative of morality is first of all to act with good will. Even the best of good will, however, does not necessarily produce right action -- the saying is that the path to hell is paved with good intentions.
And even ill will does not necessarily produce wrong action -- it is really an ad hominem fallacy to evaluate an action on the basis of an agent's motive.
The estimation of justice does not primarily concern intentions but what actually is done. There is no breach of justice unless some wrong of negligence, violence, or fraud has been committed in law the actus reus. Intention then may become an issue in judging the culpability or severity of the wrong the mens reaas between various degrees of murder, where intention, malice, and forethought progressively increase the severity of the crime to voluntary manslaughter, second degree murder, and first degree murder, respectively.
If no wrong is committed, then it is not an issue of justice and motives are irrelevant. Even undoubted wrongs of action may be "merely" moral if they are not very severe or are intrinsically difficult to prove: There are legal rules about the factors such as the presence of a "consideration" that must be involved if an enforceable contract is judged to exist.
Breach of promise will always be morally actionable in the sense of voiced moral reproach or damage to personal relationships. Imperatives -- commands Morality of intentions, good and ill will:A virtue ethics philosopher will identify virtues, desirable characteristics, that the moral or virtuous person embodies.
Possessing these virtues, in virtue ethics, is what makes one moral, and one's actions are a mere reflection of one's inner morality. Moral intensity captures the degree to which an issue has ethical urgency, while moral attentiveness captures the degree to which people chronically perceive .
While deontology places the emphasis on doing one's duty, which is established by some kind of moral imperative (in other words, the emphasis is on obedience to some higher moral absolute), consequentialism bases the morality of an action upon the consequences of the outcome.
A Comparison of the Movie and the Book Great Expectations. 3, words. An Analysis of the Novel Great Expectations and the Moral Judgement by Charles Dickens. 1, words. 3 pages. The Emphasis of Moral Judgement and Justice in the Book "Great Expectations" 2, words. 6 pages. An Introduction to the Life of Charles .
- Book review of Great Expectations ===== Great Expectations is a tale of a young man raised high above his position in society by a mysterious person.
Despite the book lacking in length, it more than makes up for in its remarkable characters and gripping story. I had great expectations for this book after watching the author give an introduction in the Colbert report.
However, the book didn't hold up to it's name. These are some of grudges I have against this book/5(K).