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Wednesday, April 9, Impact of Liberalization on Administration in Developing Countries Liberalisation means relaxation of government controls in the spheres of economic and social policy.
It has come to be equated with commitment to market orientation of the economy, deregulation, privatization, state withdrawal from many activities of the economy, integration with the global economy and reducing the public expenditure.
The primary objective of liberalization is reorientation of the economies in the direction of market principles.
It emphasizes dismantling the licensing system, reforming financial system, removing subsidies, user pay principle etc. The impact of liberalization on administration has been viewed from different perspectives and hence the focus of the viewers has varied depending on their perceptions.
But two central themes are found in these studies: Though it is still central in developing countries for ensuring social and economic development, it should assume a new role of partner, catalyst, facilitator and enabler.
This view has emerged because the state in many developing countries has failed to provide basic amenities to the people so a new partnership between the government, citizens and the business is called for. A two pronged strategy has been suggested to make administration in developing countries an effective partner in development.
Reform in the Public Services The impact of free market economy on the structure and concept of government is on the agenda of discussion the world over. Terms like New Economic Policy, Structural Adjustment Programme, Privatization, Deregulation and Contracting out used in the context of liberalization in developing countries have all stressed on reforming the public services in these countries.
The public services have been sought to be market and people friendly so that the individual and market enterprise could flourish in the economy.
This approach has already much influenced the developed countries like USA, UK, Australia, New Zealand etc and is now spreading to the developing countries also. This approach is basically to remove the internal inefficiencies of bureaucracies.
Though many influences have been there on administration by liberalization and globalization but the influence of new public management has the most phenomenal and visible.
The major emphasis of new public management approach has been on the following concerns: One of the significant influences of NPM has beerl that public administration has undergone significant transformation in structure and behavior in both developed and developing countries.
Now the public sector is required to limit itself to facilitating and catalyzing changes with the help of limited financial and human resources. A public administrator today is viewed as entrepreneurial manager whose job is to ascertain cost-effectiveness. NPM advocates withdrawal of government from many activities and instead focus on the core tasks and to develop competencies in these.
The cutting edge level administrator has been highlighted so that he could serve the clientele better. However the fact that NPM calls for not only adopting the techniques of business administration but also the values of business is disturbing for the developing countries as in developing mere efficiency is not the goal of government.
Its goal is the realisation of progressive socio-economic goals of nation building. Setting Bench Marks for Service Delivery Bench marks for service delivery have been set not only in developed countries but also in developing countries like Malaysia, Philipines, India etc.
With onset of liberalization the public in developing countries is demanding better services but there is pressure on government to reduce the costs due to increasing public expenditure on welfare programmes. So service quality initiatives have been emphasized as a means of reducing costs and improving the quality of services provided.
It has also been recognized that an efficient public sector will enhance the overall economic performance. In Singapore, with the intention of providing high quality services concept of Public Service in 21st Century PS 21 has been launched. Changing Role of Bureaucracy The process of economic liberalization seeks a reduced governmental intervention in the economic sphere thus implying a reduced role of bureaucracy in the process of development.
The bureaucracy has a role of helper, catalyst and facilitator. As already mentioned in the article on Market versus State debate, the state today is not expected to do everything on its own but it has to just give direction to the process of development so that no one is left out from reaping the benefits of economic development.
In developing countries the role of bureaucracies has been emphasized in social sectors like health, education, rural development etc. Emergence of Concept of Good Governance The era of s has been an era in which lot of emphasis has been given on reforming public administration.
The issues of governance have kept the policy making echelons occupied during this period.
The developing countries have sought to increase their policy making and implementing capacities after the onset of liberalization. Enhancing the use of Information Technology in Government The use of information technology had first been suggested in developed countries and it has been doing wonders even in developing countries.Study Notes on Globalization and Public Administration!
Definition and Relevance to Public Administration: In the second half of the twentieth century the trio—liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation—became so much popular that both the printing and electronic media began to discuss the various aspects of the trio. Impact on Small Scale in India This impact shall be studied right from the beginning of colonization in 18 th century.
Colonization can be considered as 1 st wave of globalization. Short essay on the impact of liberalization on public administration Nirmala Advertisements: There is also a concept of hybrid liberalisation as, for instance, in Ghana where cocoa crop can be sold to a variety of competing private companies, but there is a minimum price for which it can be sold and all exports are controlled by the state.
"Impact Of Liberalisation Privatisation And Globalisation On Public Administration" Essays and Research Papers The aim of this paper is to acquaint the reader about the influence of globalisation on the Public Administration of India.
ADMINISTRATION lausannecongress2018.com LECTURER IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, SHAH SATNAM JI GIRLS COLLEGE,SIRSA ABSTRACT of India has to minimize the controls over the flow of foreign goods, services, capital, and Impact of liberalisation.
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION IN INDIA The aim of this paper is to acquaint the reader about the influence of globalisation on the Public Administration of India. But before I proceed I feel it is absolutely necessary to define the two terms-“Globalisation” and “ .