Theories List of Key B. The learner uses the information processing approach to transfer and assimilate new information. Students are assessed primarily through tests.
Selected Patient Education Resources Behavioral, cognitive, humanist approaches Behavioral learning theorists believe that learning has occurred when you can see changes in behavior.
The behavioral learning model learning is the result of Behaviorism cognitive and humanistic. The basis of conditioning is that a reward following a desirable response acts as a reinforcer and increases the likelihood that the desirable response will be repeated.
Reinforcement is the core of the behaviorist approach. Continuous reinforcement in every instance of desirable behavior is useful when a behavior is being introduced. Once a desired behavior is established, intermittent reinforcement maintains the behavior.
Behaviorist theory approaches are frequently used in weight loss, smoking cessation, assertiveness training, and anxiety-reduction programs. The importance of regularly and consistently rewarding desired behavior immediately and not rewarding undesirable behavior is crucial to the success of a behaviorist approach to learning.
Learning is broken down into small steps so that the person can be successful. The nurse provides reinforcement at each step of the process. Learning occurs through internal processing of information.
From the cognitive viewpoint, how new information is presented is important. In the first, or cognitive phase of learning, the patient learns the overall picture of what the task is and the sequences involved.
In the second, or fixation learning phase, the learner begins to gain skill in performing the task. Whether a physical task is learned as a whole or part by part depends on its complexity.
For example, learning how to take a blood pressure is a complex task. The patient must learn how to physically manipulate the blood pressure manometer, learn how to hear blood pressure sounds, and understand the meaning of the sounds.
Each of these tasks can be practiced as a separate activity, then combined. In the last phase of learning, the automatic phase, the patient gains increasing confidence and competence in performing the task.
Humanist learning theorists view learning as a function of the whole person and believe that learning cannot take place unless both the cognitive and affective domains are involved. For example, humanist theory is used to help post myocardial infarction patients regain a sense of personal control over their health care management.
It is possible to select elements of each theory that you find useful in patient teaching. All patients grow with success and do better when achievements are recognized and reinforced. Respecting the whole person in a supportive environment can encourage learning.
Learning is also fostered through structuring information appropriately and presenting it in meaningful segments with appropriate feedback.Humanistic psychology was founded by Humanists who applied the philosophy to the practice of psychology.
Basically - we are all humans each worthy of dignity and respect. Humanistic psychology was founded by Humanists who applied the philosophy to the practice of psychology. Basically - we are all humans each worthy of dignity and respect. Unlike behaviorism, cognitive information processing is governed by an internal process rather than by external circumstance.
The cognitive approach to learning theory pays more attention to what goes on inside the learner’s head and focuses on mental processes rather than observable behavior. Humanistic Cognitive Behavioral Theory (HCBT) is an emerging theory based on providing a value-added component to traditional reciprocal determinism.
In this paper, HCBT is described and explained as a concept and as a teaching component for introductory psychology. Behaviorism, Cognitive and Humanistic All Summed Up Janice M. Brown Aspects of Psychology Professor Trego November 8, Behaviorism, Cognitive, and Humanistic Behaviorism, cognitive and humanistic are all perspectives (or theories) of psychology.
Behaviorism is a perspective that suggests that all behaviors are learned. Comparing Learning Theories ~ Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism & Humanistic Learning Theories Comparison Among Behaviorism Cognitivism L. Theories List of Key B.F. Skinner Jean Piaget Theorists Ivan Pavlov Robert Gagne Edward Thorndike Lev Vygotsky John B.
Watson Role of · Learners are basically · Learners process, store & retrieve.