Changes in achievement goals and competence perceptions across the college semester. This study focused on the relationship between perceptions of competence and changes in achievement goals in a college semester for students enrolled in an introductory psychology course.
As rigorous measurement is essential to understanding this latent construct, a critical appraisal of measurement instruments is needed. Thus, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the six most highly cited motivation measures in sport. Peer-reviewed articles published prior to August were searched to identify the six most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport: The questionnaires were then evaluated and discussed in four sections: Development, Reliability, Correlates, and Summary.
Bibliometric data were also calculated average weighted impact factor and assessed e. Despite some variance in their psychometric properties, conceptualization, structure, and utility, the six questionnaires are psychometrically strong instruments for quantifying motivation that are widely supported in the literature.
Bibliometric analyses suggested that the IMI ranks first and the SMS ranks sixth according to the average weighted impact factors of their original publications. The average weighted impact factor of each questionnaire is a useful value to consider as well.
With these points in mind, recommendations are provided.
Introduction Motivation can be defined as the force that energizes and directs behavior Roberts and Treasure, Thus, it comprises the perceived reasons for engaging in an activity. There is utility in studying motivation, as it provides a theoretical and practical insight into why one initiates, regulates, sustains, directs and discontinues behavior.
Studies in education e. In the area of sport psychology, there is similar interest in the psychological processes that influence behavior, which extends from academia to the playing field. Motivation is a construct or latent variablerather than an observable entity, which contributes to the difficulty in accurately measuring it Lavallee et al.
Many early assessments of motivation were behavioral in nature or relied on participants to provide verbal reports as to why they engaged in a particular activity.
For example, Lepper and Greene inferred participants' intrinsic motivation by observing their time on task following an experimental intervention. A comparable though less scientific sport-related example is as follows: Clearly, methodologically rigorous measurement is needed to assess, understand, and predict the influence of any psychological construct on human behavior Clancy et al.
Thus, critical appraisal of the strengths and weaknesses of different measurement approaches is essential for our understanding of motivation, and would enhance researchers and practitioners' awareness of subsequent behavior.
Self-report questionnaires are the most commonly used measurement tools in motivation research, with Mayer et al. Specifically, in sport psychology, there is a plethora of motivation questionnaires Clancy et al.
Although, previous publications have compared the psychometric properties of two instruments e. This review sought to address the aforementioned gap by providing a critical appraisal and bibliometric analysis of such measures, and subsequent guidance regarding their use based on the specific research question.
Methods Following ethical approval, six databases were searched in order to identify the most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport prior to August The search was conducted using the following terms: Reference lists of the obtained articles were searched by hand.
The six most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport were selected for review and are summarized in Table 1: In order to critically appraise each instrument, further searches were conducted using the questionnaire name combined with test evaluation-related terms e.Recently published articles from Clinical Psychology Review.
Recently published articles from Clinical Psychology Review.
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Webpages. Books. Social motivation in schizophrenia: How research on basic reward processes informs and limits our understanding.
July Most motivation researchers in I-O psychology, however, have been concerned with a more specific direction of behavior, namely the motivation to perform (Locke, ).
the topic on ‘psychology and motivation’, where money has long been considered the most effective motivator of staff. Therefore, three specific management theories would be used in this paper to evaluate the use of monetary incentives in employee motivation.
Sport Psychology Articles; Goal Setting and Self-Motivation.
07 Mar Goal Setting and Self-Motivation. Tags: Goals, motivation, sports Written by Mike Edger, Posted in Articles for Athletes, Sports Psychology, Youth Sports Articles | 9 Comments. What is self-motivation?.
Article Review - “How Motivation Affects Learning and Behaviour” by J.E. Ormrod This article reveals six effects of motivation towards Learning and Behaviour. To begin with, intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are introduced as two major motivations that drive a person in their actions.
Article Review on Motivation in Psychology Essay. Motivation & Emotion, 34(2), Retrieved from EBSCOhost. This study focused on the relationship between perceptions of competence and changes in achievement goals in a college semester for students enrolled in an introductory psychology course.