Kesterson University of North Texas Dr.
Kesterson University of North Texas Dr. Hawthorne was born a New Englander, in Salem, Mass. Melville, though his family hailed from Boston, was born in in New York City and spent his youth there until he went to sea at age Thus Hawthorne was some fifteen years Melville's senior.
Further, until Hawthorne was known as a writer of short stories and sketches a fact that by mid century he was somewhat apologetic forwhereas by Melville had already written four novels, three of which were quite popular. A closer look, however, shows a remarkable kinship between the two men in many ways.
Both writers lost their fathers at an early age: Hawthorne at four, Melville at thirteen. Hawthorne's father, a sea captain, was lost at sea; Melville's died of a devastating illness. Thus each was denied a father for a goodly part of his youth. Fortunately for Hawthorne, he had his Uncles, Robert and Richard Manning, as father surrogates; but Melville really had none, a fact that figures strongly in his ubiquitous search in life and fiction for a father figure and answers part of the riddle of his attraction to the elder Hawthorne when they later met when Melville was thirty-one, Hawthorne forty-six.
Both men had a love for the sea. Melville, of course, went to sea as a young man; Hawthorne lived near it as often as he could, even longed to go to sea as a youth, and enjoyed trips to Martha's Vineyard and other coastal areas.
As a young writer Hawthorne even projected a collection of sea stories, which however didn't materialize, although the sketch "The Wives of the Dead" is surely a representative survival of that plan.
For some fifteen months in the prime of their authorhood, the two men lived some six miles apart in the Berkshires of Western Massachusetts, Hawthorne at Lenox, Melville at Pittsfield, and often visited more later on this. Both men worked in customs houses at different times in their lives: Melville, after his white heat period of novel writing ended, became District Inspector of Customs in New York ina post he would hold for nineteen years!
In fact, The Blithedale Romance and Pierre were written at the same time, while the two acknowledged masterpieces, The Scarlet Letter and Moby-Dick were published only a year apart, in and respectively. Further, as we know, Melville dedicated Moby-Dick to Hawthorne.
Thus indeed we have two writers who, despite widely varying backgrounds, had much in common in a number of ways. While it might seem improbable that the reserved, somewhat reclusive Hawthorne, and the much bolder, out-going Melville would end up being friends, even confidants for a period, that is exactly what happened in one of the most fascinating personal interludes in American literary history.
Let's look first at the facts of their relationship: Biographical Mosses and Loomings The two authors met for the first time on August 5,in the Berkshires, where Hawthorne was living in the "Little Red Farmhouse" at Lenox and Melville was staying at his aunt's house in nearby Pittsfield.
A few days earlier Evert Duyckinck and Cornelius Mathews, who were coming to visit Melville, met Dudley Field on the train and the group planned a picnic for August 5. Fields and his wife and also visited Oliver Wendell Holmes. What resulted from these gatherings of notables was a group excursion picnic to Monument Mountain at Stockbridge, Mass.
The climb up Monument Mountain was, to say the least, a colorful progression, as described by Evert Duyckinck: As we scrambled over the rocks at the summit. They talked of shelter and shelter there proved to be though it looked unpromising.
Holmes cut three branches for an umbrella and uncorked the champagne which was drunk from a silver mug. Holmes peeped about the cliffs and protested it affected him like ipecac. Hawthorne looked mildly about for the great Carbuncle.
Scarlet Letter Discussion Groups. They had been assigned specific groups/questions and would work independently first, finding the answers to their questions. What words/phrases are used to create these moods? How does Hawthorne use mood in the novel? Group Four: What is personification? In chapter 16, Hawthorne uses personification. Kevin is writing a paper on the similarities and differences in Hawthorne’s “Rappaccini’s Daughter” and Poe’s “Fall of the House of Usher.”5/5(2). Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts in (incidentally enough for a writer who would go on to explore some of the darker aspects of American history—the Salem .
Fields described Melville sitting on the projecting rock and pulling and hauling "imaginary ropes for our delectation. Fields, Yesterdays With Authors, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin,53].
After descending the mountain, the group moved to the nearby Ice Glen in the afternoon where they skidded about like children. This excursion was to prompt a series of meetings between Hawthorne and Melville in the Berkshires.
In fact, two days later Melville, along with Mathews and Duyckinck, called at the little red house and Hawthorne gave them two bottles of champagne and walked to the lake with them H. On the same day, Hawthorne wrote his friend Horatio Bridge, "I met Melville, the other day, and liked him so much that I have asked him to spend a few days with me before leaving these parts.
We know that this visit took place from September However much Hawthorne seemed to be enjoying his newly made acquaintance, the response at the other end was nothing short of jubilant!
Melville was ecstatic over his growing friendship with Hawthorne, and there is no doubt but that Hawthorne's being in Lenox was the reason that Melville orchestrated a move from New York to Pittsfield, settling in the farmhouse that he was to name Arrowhead which he purchased on September 14, Though Hawthorne published "The Hollow of the Three Hills" in , well before the the date of Wharton's "The Moving Finger," she was nonetheless influenced by Hawthorne works.
Consider the similarities in the two pieces. Nathaniel Hawthorne (July 4, May 19, ) was a 19th century American novelist and short story writer.. He is seen as a key figure in the development of American literature.
Nathaniel Hawthorne was a famous author who was born in Salem, Massachusetts, where his birthplace is now a house museum, and died in Plymouth, New Hampshire.
Hawthorne's father was a sea captain and descendant of. Kevin is writing a paper on the similarities and differences in Hawthorne’s “Rappaccini’s Daughter” and Poe’s “Fall of the House of Usher.”5/5(2). Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on 4 July in Salem, Massachusetts in the family home at 27 Hardy Street, now a museum.
He was the son of Elizabeth Clarke Manning and Nathaniel Hathorne, a Captain in the U. S.
Navy who died when Nathaniel was four years old. Jhumpa Lahiri. Jhumpa Lahiri is the author of four works of fiction: Interpreter of Maladies, The Namesake, Unaccustomed Earth, and The Lowland; and a work of nonfiction.
and similarities between the two. But I suppose the fact that I am refer- Hawthorne works of the Western Electric Company, near Chicago in the United States.
These studies have now taken on an almost mythological Human Relations Theory and People Management 45 Greyqxd 2/21/ PM Page